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Bamboo in Mizoram

Bamboo forests cover a large extent of area in Mizoram. Around 57% of the geographical area of Mizoram is under Bamboo cover found at heights ranging from 400m – 1500m above mean sea level. The State possesses the maximum percentage of  its geographical area under bamboo  forests  as  compared  to  other  States  of   the  country. Bamboo forests are most abundant in the five northern districts but are  rare  in  the  eastern  and  south  eastern  parts  of   the  State, particularly in Champhai, due to high altitude. Most of the bamboo species occurring in the State are found between 400m to 1,500m altitude  and  their  distribution  is  somewhat  restricted  to  above 1,550m.

District Wise Distribution of Bamboo in Mizoram
District
Area
Bamboo area
% Bamboo area to the district area
% Bamboo area to total bamboo area
Aizawl
3576.31
927.69
25.94
13.08
Champhai
3185.83
345.68
10.85
4.87
Kolasib
1382.51
661.80
47.87
9.33
Lawngtlai
2557.10
730.79
28.58
10.30
Lunglei
4538.00
1956.59
43.12
27.59
Mamit
3025.75
1598.00
52.81
22.53
Saiha
1399.90
432.04
30.86
6.09
Serchhip
1421.60
439.08
30.89
 
6.19
Total
21087.00
7091.66
33.63
100.00
(Source: MIRSAC, 2008)

 

Different Species of Bamboo in Mizoram
Sl.no
Scientific Name
Local (Mizo) Name
1
Bambusa balcooa
N/A
2
Bambusa bambos
Rawhing
3
Bambusa dampaena  
N/A
4
Bambusa mizorameana
Talan
5
Bambusa multiplex
N/A
6
Bambusa nagalandeana
Ralleng mau
7
Bambusa nutans
Ankuang
8
Bambusa tulda
Rawthing
9
Bambusa vulgaris
Vairua
10
Bambusa vulgaris var. vittata
Yellow bamboo
11
Bambusa vulgaris f.waminii
N/A
12
Dendrocalamus asper
N/A
13
Dendrocalamus giganteus
N/A
14
Dendrocalamus hamiltonii
Phulrua
15
Dendrocalamus hookeri
Rawpui/ Rawlak/ Rawkhauh
16
Dendrocalamus laetiflorus
N/A
17
Dendrocalamus longispathus
Rawnal
18
Dendrocalamus manipureanus
Rawchhe/ Rawchhe changdam
19
Dendrocalamus sikkimensis
Rawmi
20
Dendrocalamus strictus
Tursing
21
Melocalamus compactiflorus
Sairil
22
Melocanna baccifera
Mautak
23
Neomicrocalamus mannii
Siaman
24
Phyllostachys edulis
N/A
25
Phyllostachys mannii
N/A
26
Schizostachyum dullooa
Rawthlaw
27
Schizostachyum fuchsianum
Rawneal
28
Schizostachyum mannii
Rawte/ Chatle
29
Schizostachyum munroii
Nat
30
Schizostachyum pergracile           
Mau-dang
31
Schizostachyum polymorphmum
Chal
32
Sinarundinaria falcate
Lik
33
Sinarundinaria griffithiana
Phar
34
Sinarundinaria longispiculata
N/A
35
Thrysostachys oliveri
Phunkirua
(Source: Bamboos of Mizoram, Published by E & F Dept. Govt. of Mizoram, Aizawl)